marginalization

A process by which a group or individual is denied access to important positions and symbols of economic, religious, or political power within any society. A marginal group may actually constitute a numerical majority-as in the case of Blacks in South Africa-and should perhaps be distinguished from a minority group , which may be small in numbers, but has access to political or economic power.
Marginalization became a major topic of sociological research in the 1960s, largely in response to the realization that while certain developing countries demonstrated rapid economic growth, members of these societies were receiving increasingly unequal shares of the rewards of success. The process by which this occurred became a major source of study, particularly for those influenced by dependency , Marxist, and world-systems theories, who argued that the phenomenon was related to the world capitalist order and not just confined to particular societies.
Anthropologists, in particular, have tended to study marginal groups. This stems in part from the idea that, by looking at what happens on the margins of a society, one can see how that society defines itself and is defined in terms of other societies, and what constitute its key cultural values. See also exclusion.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • marginalization — 1974, from MARGINALIZE (Cf. marginalize) + ATION (Cf. ation) …   Etymology dictionary

  • marginalization — (Amer.) n. social process of being made marginal, social process of becoming marginal (particularly as a group within a larger society) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Marginalization — This article is about the sociological concept. For concept in probability, see conditional probability. The homeless are often viewed as marginalized from mainstream society. In sociology, marginalisation (British/International), or… …   Wikipedia

  • marginalization — noun the social process of becoming or being made marginal (especially as a group within the larger society) the marginalization of the underclass the marginalization of literature • Syn: ↑marginalisation • Derivationally related forms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • marginalization — marginalize (also marginalise) ► VERB ▪ treat as marginal or peripheral. DERIVATIVES marginalization noun …   English terms dictionary

  • marginalization — noun see marginalize …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • marginalization — See marginalize. * * * …   Universalium

  • marginalization — noun The act of marginalizing or something marginalized …   Wiktionary

  • marginalization — mar·gin·al·iza·tion …   English syllables

  • marginalization — See: marginalize …   English dictionary

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